This page contains the US Army Field Manual on Pathfinder Operations. FM In daylight operations, pathfinders are not inserted into an LZ before the initial assault echelon unless the LZ requires extensive improvement or. HEADQUARTERS. FIELD MANUAL. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY. No. (FM ). PATHFINDER OPERATIONS. OCTOBER
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Landing Zone and Obstacle Marking For standard POL weights for external loads onlysee Table on page Always advise pilot when landing wheeled aircraft on a sideslope. Personnel from the supported ground unit may accompany pathfinders to provide security and to assist in clearing obstacles. If you do not have a filter, paint the lens cover or cover it with plastic tape to reduce light intensity.
Pathfinder Operations FM 57 38
Because opwrations increased distances between land force units engaged in desert operations, helicopters maybe used to provide air or ground relay, or to help deploy ground radio rebroadcast facilities. So, the pathfinder leader considers obstacle height on the approach and departure ends.
The aerodynamic load is unstable until load-streamlining occurs; then it becomes stable. The range of available radios dictates whether facilities within the LZ can communicate with each other. Gun tubes, landing gear, missile launchers, bridge planks, and so forth can interfere with or injure the ground crew by striking or tripping them. Engineers in direct support of lifted ground units may assist pathfinders in improving LZs.
The signalman must position the aircraft over the load so that operatins slingload team can discharge the static electricity and attach the load to the aircraft as quickly and safely as possible. To lure enemy forces into a vulnerable position. Connect the cable clamp to the vertical shaft of the stake.
Full text of “Pathfinder Operations FM 57 38”
Such exploitation may be aimed at gaining intelligence for enemy fire and maneuver elements and for collecting data for electronic countermeasures. Helicopter day landing site, staggered trail-right formation. Regardless of the type lighting device used, pathfinders identify the touchdown point with at least two lights. Conditions of the area, such as a dusty surface or obstacles, often require increasing the minimum spacing between loads, reducing the number of helicopters that can safely operate at the site at the same time, and decreasing the overall speed of the operation.
Pathfinder Operations FM 57 38 : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive
The departing aircraft 1 crosses the opposite end of the runway before the arriving aircraft 2 crosses the approach end on its final glide path C, Figurepage Situation Aircraft with In-Flight Emergency.
The pilot keeps the airfield, landing site, LZ, or DZ to his left. When possible, the pathfinders select a landing point on or near the highest terrain feature. To distinguish between similar aircraft identifications, he may emphasize appropriate numbers, letters, 573-8 words. His sequence of reply to an initial call-up by an aircraft is 57–38 follows: Pathfinders are prepared at all times to provide ATC and navigation assistance to all aircraft in and around the landing site in the event those aircraft do not follow a specified flight plan.
AIR ASSAULTS During daylight air assault operations, obstacles that may be difficult to detect and impossible to remove such as wires, holes, stumps, and rocks are marked with colored panels or any other easily identifiable means colored red. A running-type takeoff is preferred for airplanes and wheel-equipped helicopters. This soldier can operate the GTA radio for a limited period at a small site, or the pathfnder center can consist of the following staff: The pilot keeps everything to his right.
These pathcinder radios and homing devices that work by radio signal.
Number of points determined by available area and mission requirements. Each leg has a rated capacity of one-quarter of the total capacity of the set. Write the name and location of the site. He transmits ceiling heights and flight altitudes using either way. The controller uses traffic patterns to manage aircraft separation around a no- threat landing site. He calculates an intercept heading from the RP, if necessary.
This gives the enemy force many chances to intercept, analyze, and exploit friendly transmissions.
Once an operation starts, pathfinders at the site recommend any changes needed to ensure helicopter safety or expedite operations. Desert winds generally calm down for an hour or two around sundown.
(e Book – English – Military) US Army – Field Manual FM 3 21 38 – Pathfinder Operations Oct2002
This often produces a zero-visibility condition known as “whiteout,” through which the pilot must take pqthfinder or land blind Figurepage Inspect this piece of equipment for cuts or frays. Electronic Warfare Environment Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Its length is adjustable. Many of the conditions experienced in cold weather operations resemble those in desert operations. If required to do so by the supported unit, pathfinders can mark initial assembly points for troops, equipment, and supplies.
Use only case-hardened nuts and bolts–never mix items. In flight, the stored static electric energy of any helicopter increases with helicopter weight, low humidity, and amount of debris blown by the rotor system dust, sand, or snow. Based on the coordinated plans for the operation, the pathfinder requests augmentation in personnel and equipment. In the defense, reinforcements and reserves can be moved rapidly by helicopter.
Knowing the landing zone location, but unsure of the exact location of the landing site, the pilot continues his flight closer to the center of the zone.