Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anders. [family ACANTHACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa . EEB Greenhouse Accession Data for Acanthus montanus. Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson (Acanthaceae) is a shrub widespread in Africa, the Balkans, Romania, Greece and Eastern.
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This study was undertaken to experimentally evaluate the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of the root extract as well as its effect on phagocytosis and specific cell-mediated immune response which may underlie the usefulness of the roots in treatment of furuncles. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Phytochemical constituents such as alkaloids and carbohydrates may be responsible for these pharmacological activities.
Unwanted spread can be addressed by root barriers. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Deeply lobed, ovate to lanceolate, spiny, dark green leaves to 12″ long with acuminate tips and silvering are both showy and ornamental.
Two-lipped, snapdragon-like, pink to rose flowers bloom in summer on upright flower spikes to 10″ long which rise from the branch ends. Problems No serious insect or disease problems. In southeastern Nigeria, the root is popular and acclaimed highly effective in the treatment of furuncles.
Plants can spread invasively by creeping rootstocks, particularly in loose soils. It is used in African traditional medicine for the treatment of urogenital infections, urethral pain, endometritis, urinary disease, cystitis, leucorrhoea, aches and pains. Where winter hardy, this is a bold, stately plant that may be grown as a specimen but is perhaps best sited in small groupings. Specific epithet means pertaining to mountains.
Acanthus montanus at Missouri Botanical Garden. Spikes of pale pink flowers appear summer to fall. Plants grow to ‘ tall when in flower.
West African Plants
Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Missouri Botanical Garden Shaw Blvd. Views Read Edit View history.
Acanthus montanus Nees T. The Plant List Plants are evergreen in warm winter locations, but leaves will show considerable damage in colder winters near the northern edge of the growing range.
Retrieved from ” https: Plants may not flower well in too much shade. Full sun to part shade. This Acanthaceae article is a stub. The acute toxicity and lethality LD50 in mice and phytochemical constituents of the extract were also determined. Plants are best propagated from root cuttings taken in early spring, acanthhs may be grown from seed.
Louis, it should be sited in a protected location and mulched. Louis area where they should be grown in greenhouses, conservatories or as houseplants. This article includes a list of referencesrelated reading or external linksbut its sources remain unclear acanghus it lacks inline citations.
Acanthus montanus – Wikipedia
Genus name comes from the Greek word akantha meaning spine in reference to the toothed edges on leaves in some species. Noteworthy Characteristics Acanthus montanus commonly called mountain thistle is a shrubby, spreading perennial that is grown as much for its attractive foliage as for its architecturally bold flower spikes. It reaches up to 6 feet 1. Plants generally spread less in the northern parts of their growing range. The effectiveness of the root of A.
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If attempted outdoors in St. Snails and slugs are occasional visitors that can do substantial damage if left unchecked.
No serious insect or disease problems. It prefers shady situations and occasional deep watering, but tolerates sunny, dry situations too.
Plants can be slow to establish in the garden particularly if started from seedbut become somewhat difficult to eradicate once established since small sections of root left behind can sprout new plants. Acanthus montanus Nees T.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Downloaded on 19 August Acanthus montanus commonly called mountain thistle is a shrubby, spreading perennial that is grown as much for its attractive foliage as for its architecturally bold flower spikes. It has been used against rheumatism and some diuretic action is also mentioned. Deeply lobed, ovate to lanceolatespiny, dark green leaves to 12″ long with acuminate tips and silvering are both showy and ornamental.