ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.
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We’ve sent an email to Please follow the instructions to reset your password. Next post Muslim science heritage exhibitions comes to Doha. His only other competing encyclopaedic work, in terms of depth and extent of coverage, is The Chronology of Ancient Nationswhich is devoted to a universal anthropological account of various cultures and which even records the lore of long-dead cultures or of other cultures that were about to disappear.
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Ahmed concluded that Al-Biruni can be considered as the first Anthropologist,  however, others argue that he hardly can be considered an anthropologist in the conventional sense.
In it he not only defended the role of the mathematical sciences against the attacks of religious scholars who could not understand the utility of the mathematical sciences but also detailed all raihna one needed to know about determining longitudes and latitudes on land.
Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni
Biruni documented everything about India just as it happened. For example, he raised questions about the formation of mountains and explained the existence there of fossils by positing that Earth was once underwater.
The most prominent of both modern and ancient astronomers have deeply studied the question of aby moving of the earth, and tried to refute it. His underlying concept was that all cultures are at least distant relatives of all other cultures because they are all human constructs.
He also used it to detail longitudes and latitudes on Earth and discussed the formation of mountains Besides astronomy, Al-Biruni had many contributions wbu physics, where he unified statistics and dynamics in the science of mechanics.
ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI
Instead, he decided to document the more civilian and scholarly areas of Hindu life such as culture, science, and religion. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Geologyphysicsanthropologycomparative sociologyastronomyastrologychemistryhistorygeographymathematicsmedicinepsychologyphilosophytheology. I shall not produce the arguments of our antagonists in order to refute such of them, as I believe to be in the wrong. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Later years and significance In Islamic world: During his journey through India, military and political histories were not of Al-Biruni’s main focus.
In that context he wrote of precious metals and gemswhich were considered foundational for any economic systemand he wrote of diamonds and their particular social importance. During this time he wrote his study of India, finishing it around In Meri, Josef W.
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He is known as al-Ustdadh, ‘the Master’. He served more than six different princes, all of whom were known for their bellicose activities and a good number of whom met their ends in violent deaths. Sparavigna, published in ijsciences, http: Although he never entirely focuses just on physics in any of his books, the study of physics is present throughout many of his various works.
Biruni also came up with different hypotheses about heat and light. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat The inscriptions on the sword invoke Allah, the Prophet Muhammad, and ‘Ali. In discussing speculation by other Muslim writers on the possible motion of the Earth, Biruni acknowledged that he could neither prove nor disprove it, but commented favourably on the idea that the Earth rotates.
We will scour and bring you the most interesting science news from across the Arab world and also discuss the various problems of the region and how science can help solve them. He developed a method for trisection of angle and other gaihan which cannot be solved with a ruler and a compass alone. He lived during the Islamic Golden Age, which promoted astronomy and encouraged all scholars to work on their research.
Geography and cartography in medieval Islam. Retrieved August 20, He lived during the Islamic Golden Agein which scholarly thought went hand in hand with the thinking and methodology of the Islamic religion.